Types of Education


There are many different kinds of education, including traditional, non-formal, and unschooling. While formal education is the most common type, non-formal education is more flexible and can take many different forms. Non-formal education is generally conducted outside of the school system and does not require an age limit. It can be offered to individuals at any age, and includes community-based courses and informal educational experiences. The following are some of the main types of non-formal education.

Educational system

The educational system refers to the overall structure of a country’s educational organization, including its public and private institutions. Its components include preschools, primary schools, secondary schools, tertiary institutions, and higher education, including colleges and faculties. Private educational institutions are also included in the system, but are generally not included in the definition of an educational system. The primary function of an educational system is to ensure that everyone has access to education.

Formal education

Formal education is a systematic way of acquiring various certificates and degrees recognized by the state. This system starts with preschool, continues through primary and secondary education, and ends with university education. Students who are pursuing a formal education follow a set program in a public or private educational institute. Students must attend classes taught by qualified teachers, study certain subjects, and complete a certain time commitment within the educational establishment. Additionally, they must also take exams.


Dr. Wood is one advocate of unschooling in education. He has three children and studied their literacy development. The unschooling philosophy rejects the strict and standardized education model and embraces the “building blocks” of education. Unschooling is not a complete rejection of education, however, as many educators embrace unschooling in education. It does require motivation on the part of the child, however. While unschooling seems to be a free-for-all, it’s important to keep in mind that unschooled children tend to choose careers in STEM, arts, or entrepreneurial fields.

Impact of technology on education

The impact of technology on education can be seen in many ways. It has democratized access to information and facilitated the process of learning. Students can access information in a variety of formats, including audio podcasts, photos, videos, infographics, and even video games. In addition to these new forms of learning, teachers are able to improve their lectures with the use of technology. The use of technology in education has also made teaching and learning more engaging for students.

Economics of education

The primary focus of economics of education is the association between education and individual outcomes. Generally, education is modeled as an individual investment decision, with additional training producing higher lifetime earnings. However, early economists realized that individual skills were a factor in economic status. Adam Smith laid the groundwork for the human capital theory. By analyzing the relationship between education and income, he was able to show that additional education can increase an individual’s earnings potential.